Live IP Essentials


NEW for Academy: Self-Paced Learning. Learn IP essentials on your own Schedule!

This course is an asynchronous course delivered on the EBU Academy Learning Platform. This allows trainees to organize their learning at their own pace. Trainees who cover all the material and pass the quizzes receive a certificate.

It teaches the basics of IP technology from the perspective of a Media industry professional. It covers the different layers that compose an IP network, explaining how one builds on top of each other, allowing applications to communicate.

The learning focuses on the aspects that are specific to media and which put the most stress on the production infrastructure.

The course is the foundation for the EBU Academy e-Master Class on Preparing your move to Live IP production:


Who it is for

  • Broadcast media engineers & technicians who need to acquire an understanding of IP Networks in the context of the transition of their broadcaster’s production infrastructure to full IP.

Course Objectives

  • Develop your understanding of innovative production technologies & workflows.
  • Acquire knowledge and skills about IP networks and multicasting to prepare for the transition to a full IP production architecture.

Skills Learned

  • Live IP
  • Innovation


  • 18 hours of online course delivered through INA’s learning management platform. Please note that, on average, trainees spend between 25 - 40 hours to complete the course.
  • Modules combine slides, videos and quizzes.
  • The course is asynchronous allowing trainees to organize their learning at their own pace.

Programme Outline


Module 1 – Introduction – History & evolution

  • Telecommunication
  • Data Communication
  • The Internet

Module 2 – Concepts

  • Topologies
  • Multiplexing
  • The OSI model – 7 layers
  • The TCP/IP model – 5 layers
  • Standards


Module 3: Layer 1- the physical layer

  • Transmission Medium
  • Connectors and ports
  • Principles and devices

Module 4: Layer 2 - the data link layer

  • The Data Link Layer and the sublayers, Ethernet
  • MAC Address and devices
  • MAC Address Table
  • Types of Switches
  • Collision and Broadcast Domains
  • Virtual Local Area Networks
  • Redundancy -STP
  • Redundancy – LACP, Attacks on Switches

Module 5: Layer 3 - the Network layer

  • The IP Packet
  • IP addresses
  • DHCP, ARP and a Little More on The IP Addresses
  • NAT and Planning Your IP Address Space
  • Router, Routing Principles, Routing Protocols
  • Routing Protocols
  • Multilayer Switch and Some Layer 3 Protocols
  • Labs

Module 6: Multicast

  • Multicast – The basics
  • Multicast – Layer 2
  • Multicast – Layer 3

Module 7: Layer 4 - the transport layer

  • Intro
  • User Datagram Protocol
  • Transmission Control Protocol
  • QUIC

Module 8: Layer 5 – the application support layers

  • TLS
  • DNS
  • mDNS & DNS-SD
  • NTP
  • PTP
  • HTTP

Module 9 – Live IP Lab

  • Wireshark

Meet your faculty

Pedro Ferreira

Software Developer, Trainer and Consultant, Portugal

Pedro is a Software Developer, Trainer and Consultant, with over 20 years of experience in the broadcasting industry.

Pedro started his career as a researcher at INESC and then became one of the founders of MOG Technologies, where he worked for 15 years, most of which as the CTO. He led the development of many innovative products, such as the MXF::SDK and mxfSPEEDRAIL, as well as several bespoke projects.

He has also been actively involved in standardisation and EU research projects since he started his career.

He is a member of the Eurovision Academy faculty, where he has trained over 200 people in subjects like MXF, File-based workflows and Live-IP.

Pedro has an MSc in Telecommunications and Computers.

Willem Vermost

Manager Design & Engineering, VRT

Willem Vermost recently moved to VRT as Design & Engineering Manager. Prior to this role, he was the subject lead of the transition to IP-based studios at the European Broadcasting Union (EBU). With 20 years of experience in broadcast, he is an expert and project manager of international strategic, expert groups and events. Willem has a master in electrical engineering and a master in applied computer science. He worked on several projects, including the multi-award winning VRT Live IP proof of concepts, the JT-NM Tested Program. He acted as deputy in the JT-NM admin board and the AWMA board of directors. As a faculty member of the EBU Academy, he provides training on the transition to live IP-based media facilities and is passionate about the underlying mechanisms of IP-based media. Willem started the open-source project EBU Live IP Software Toolkit project (LIST) which has grown into an international project.